Coni Calligaro, Richard Drueke, Marilyn Hamill, Janet Ramsey, and Leslie A. Pahl contributed to this family history.
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Cris J. Smith Born in 1852
Grand Rapids, 1852-1880. Crescenz Joseph Smith, later known as Cris J. Smith, was born March 21, 1852, in Grand Rapids, Michigan. The U.S. flag had 31 stars, the most recent one being for California. The President was Millard Fillmore.
Cris was the second of three children of John and Mary Augusta Schickell Schmitt, both born in Bavaria.
Cris' mother Mary Augusta Schickell had come over from Bremen to Baltimore with her parents, John Adam and Maria Eva Schumm Schickell, on the sailing ship Johannes in 1834. They were from Kassel, which is 32 miles east northeast of Frankfurt. At that time, Kassel was in the north of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Now, Kassel is in the Kinzig-Main-Kreis region in the south of Hesse. They settled in Tiffin, Ohio. Mary Augusta had a younger brother Peter who came over from Kassel with her. She also had a sister Mary Appolonia and a brother Joseph, who were born in Tiffin.
Cris' father John Schmitt came from the same area in Germany as the Schickell's and settled in Tiffin, Ohio. He was listed as a saloonkeeper in the 1860 census.
Cris had an older sister, Maria Appolonia Smith, known as Abbie. She was born in Tiffin, Ohio, in 1849.
Sometime between 1849 and 1852, the Schmitts moved from Tiffin to Grand Rapids, Michigan.
In 1854, a third child, Rosa Wilhelmina, was born to John and Mary Schickell Schmitt.
In 1858, Cris' aunt, Mary Appolonia Schickell married Francis Boxheimer, who in 1865 became the owner of the Bridge Street House, a hotel on the east side of the Grand River.
In the 1860 census, the family was living in the 4th Ward of Grand Rapids, and Cris' father was listed as a saloonkeeper.
In 1861, Cris' father John died at age 41. Cris was only 9. His mother was 33. His sisters were 12 and 7.
Starting with the 1867 Grand Rapids city directory, Cris' mother Mary Augusta was listed as living at Gold and Washington. Later, this was specified as 44 Gold Avenue. In 1874, Washington was changed to Sibley and 44 was changed to 105. In 1893, when a new house was built on the lot, the number was changed to 113 Gold. In 1912, the number was changed to the present address of 151 Gold Avenue NW. This was the southwest corner of Gold and Sibley Street. The 1893 house is still there and occupied by Marilyn Hamill, who is preserving and restoring the house.
In 1869, Cris' sister Abbie died at age 20.
In the 1870 census, Cris, 18, was listed as a photographer. In the 1872 Grand Rapids directory, at 20, he was listed a musician living on Front Street. In the 1873 and 1874 directories, he was listed as a clerk at the grocery store of his uncle, Peter Schickell, on Front Street. He also was listed as living on Front Street. His uncle Peter was a musician as well as a grocer. In the 1875 directory, Cris again was listed as a musician. He continued to work as a musician for the rest of his career.
In 1872, Cris' mother, Mary Augusta Schickell Schmitt, married Frederick W. Cordes, and he moved into the house at 44 Gold. He was born in 1834, the son of Anton Cordes and Maria Platte. He had been a grocer, but was listed as a laborer in the 1873-75 directories. His wife Adelaide had died in 1869 at age 26. Mary Augusta and Frederick were divorced in 1876. Frederick died in 1891 and was buried with his first wife Adelaide at St. Andrew's Cemetery.
In the 1876 Grand Rapids directory, the Schmitt (Smith) family lived at 105 Gold Avenue (151 Gold Avenue NW after 1912). This was the southwest corner of Gold and Sibley Street, two blocks east and two blocks north of where the Kochs lived.
Cris traveled with the Bergers and Sol Smith Russell (1848-1902). Sol Smith Russell was an actor, comedy star, playwright, composer, singer, and friend of James Whitcomb Riley. Russell was from Brunswick, Missouri and had run away from home to be a drummer boy in the Civil War. In the 1870's he became famous and entertained large audiences in many American cities until he was paralyzed in 1900. An evening at an "opera house" in those days might include band music, instrumental and vocal solos, and Sol Smith Russell, in his comic songs and character sketches.
Sol Smith Russell was closely associated with the Berger Family from 1869 to 1880. Sol Smith Russell married Louisa Berger. Her brother Fred G. Berger was manager of the group.Cris probably did not join the group until later in that period. His cousin Louis F. Boos was a cornetist with the group near then end of the period.
Coni Calligaro found two posters in the root cellar of the former home of John and Marian Drueke Ederer on Ederer Road in Saginaw, Michigan.
The first poster (27.5" x 10.5") promotes the celebrated Berger Family Troupe and Sol Smith Russell in a new programme at Hamilton Hall in the mining town of Grass Valley in Nevada County, California--the triumphal return east of an electric and unparalleled success in San Francisco and throughout California and Oregon. (See: Hamilton Hall.) The entire company comprises 15 talented artists of vocalists and instrumental soloists:
Hamilton Hall was erected by Garvin Hamilton, a native of Maine, who had emigrated to Louisiana, and thence to Texas, and finally to California in 1852. He was a contractor and builder in Grass Valley, and a somewhat prominent citizen. He died in Grass Valley in 1864, at the age of 69. Mark Twain entertained at Hamilton Hall on April 21, 1868. (See: Mark Twain.)
The poster was printed by Francis, Valentine & Co., theatrical printers, 517 Clay Street, San Francisco.
The second poster (32" x 12" - circa 1879) promotes the Eleventh Annual Tour of the World Famous Bergers and Sol Smith Russell. (See: Eleventh Annual Tour.) They are assisted by the Following Brilliant Array of Artists:
The poster was printed by the Forbes Co. Boston. The company was known as a producer of theatrical posters, among other items.
Christine Koch Born in 1860
Grand Rapids, 1860-1880. Christine Koch was born on June 23, 1860, in Grand Rapids, Michigan. The U.S. flag had 33 stars, the most recent one being for Oregon. The President was James Buchanan.
Christine was the third child of William and Theresa Fassnacht Koch. Christine was a second-generation American. Her father William Koch had immigrated in 1853 from Andelfingen, which is 180 miles south southeast of Frankfurt in Württemberg (now part of the Kreis Biberach district of Baden-Württemberg). Her mother Theresa Fassnacht Koch had immigrated from Königheim, which is 70 miles southeast of Frankfurt in Baden (now the Main-Tauber-Kreis region of Baden-Württemberg).
The Kochs lived at 109 California Street (803 California Street NW after 1912), at the corner of Straight Street. This was nine blocks west of the Grand River and six blocks south of Bridge Street.
Christine's father William had a furniture and upholstering business on West Bridge Street, a few doors down from the Franz Berles grocery store. Franz' daughter Elizabeth Berles, who married William Peter Drueke in 1882).
Christine had two older brothers, William Koch, who was born in 1857, and August J. Koch, who was born in 1858.
In 1863, Francis Xavier, a third brother, was born.
Cris and Christine Marry in 1880, Have 1 Child
In 1882, Cris and Christine had a daughter, Rose Viola.
Cris continued to work as a musician. The 1882 Grand Rapids directory lists him as a musician at Smith's Opera House. Perhaps he had started his own opera house. According to Grand Rapids As It Is, published by the Board of Trade in 1888, Smith's Opera House was located at the corner of Waterloo and Louis streets and was a "model Vaudeville playhouse." It cost $40,000.
On May 19, 1883, Christine's brother, August J. Koch, died at age 24. In 1883, prior to August's death, the Koch undertaking business operated as Koch & Koch (William, Jr., and August). August was buried in Mt. Calvary Cemetery.
Cris Widowed in 1887 at Age 35
Grand Rapids, 1887-1890. Upon the death of his wife Christine, Cris, 35, was left a widower with one child. His daughter Rose Viola would have been five years old. Cris and his daughter Rose Viola continued to live with Christine's parents, the Kochs.
On August 3, 1888, Christine's mother, Theresa Fassnacht Koch died. In 1890, Christine's father William, 63, married Elizabeth Lavo, 48.
Cris continued to work as a musician. In the 1889 Grand Rapids city directory, he was listed as a musician at the Redmond Opera House. According to Grand Rapids As It Is, published by the Board of Trade in 1888, Redmond's Grand Opera House was located on Canal street, near East Bridge, and was a "handsome and modern play house with a seating capacity of 1,200." The building and furnishings cost upward of $100,000.
In 1889, Cris and his daughter Rose Viola moved two blocks east and two blocks north from the Koch home at 109 California Street (803 California Street NW after 1912) to the Hauser home at 105 Gold Avenue (151 Gold Avenue NW after 1912). Cris' sister Rosa Wilhelmina Smith had married Charles Andrew Hauser in 1882, and they lived with Mary Augusta Schickell Schmitt, the mother of Cris and Rosa Wilhelmina. Rose Viola referred to Rosa Wilhelmina Schmitt Hauser as "Tante" and Charles Hauser as "Uncle Charlie." The Hausers had no children of their own.
At some point, Cris began seeing his brother-in-law Charlies' younger sister, Mary A. Hauser.
Christine Dies at Age 27
On April 3, 1887, Christine Koch Smith, 26, died. She left a husband Cris and child Rose Viola. Cris and Christine had been married only six years. Christine was buried in Mt. Calvary Cemetery next to her brother who had died four years earlier.
Mary Hauser Born in 1870
Grand Rapids, 1870-1890. Mary Hauser was born in March 1870 in Grand Rapids, Michigan. The U.S. flag had 37 stars, the most recent one being for Nebraska. The President was Ulysses S. Grant.
Mary was the sixth of eight children of Hubert and Mary Ann Bohr Hauser. The family lived at 132 Second Street in Grand Rapids. Hubert was a mason and a contractor who had immigrated from Rottweil, Württemberg, Germany. Maria Bohr Hauser had immigrated from Langenfeld, Prussia.
In the 1888 to 1890 Grand Rapids city directories, Mary was listed as a tailoress, living at home.
Cris and Mary Hauser Marry in 1889, Have 3 Children
Cris J. Smith, 37, and Mary A. Hauser, 19, were married at St. Mary's Church in Grand Rapids by the pastor, Rev. Joseph Schwick, on May 25, 1889. Witnesses were Frank Kilmarten and Julia Hauser, a younger sister of the bride.
Grand Rapids, 1889-1893. Following their marriage, Cris and Mary lived at 105 Gold Street, where Cris had been living. Cris continued to work as a musician.
On August 5, 1890, Cris and Mary had their first child, Crescenz L. Smith.
Seven people now lived in the house at 105 Gold Avenue:
In 1892-93, Charles Hauser built a new house on the site of 105 Gold Avenue and 50 Sibley Street. The new address was 113 Gold Avenue (151 Gold Avenue NW after 1912).
Chicago. In 1893, Cris and Mary Hauser Smith moved to Chicago to further Cris' career as a musician. Rose, 11, and Crescenz, 3, stayed in Grand Rapids with the Tante and Uncle Charlie Hauser.
In 1896, Cris and Mary Hauser had their third child, Karl H. Smith.
Cris' children Rose and Crescenz were included in the 1900 census twice: once with the Hauser household in Grand Rapids at ages 18 and 9 and once with Cris' household in Chicago at ages 17 and 10.
In 1903, Cris' mother, Mary Augusta Schickell Schmitt, 75, died in Grand Rapids.
Cris Widowed a Second Time
Chicago. Cris was widowed for the second time in his life upon the death of his second wife Mary Hauser Smith in 1907.
Mary Hauser Smith Dies
Mary Born in 1855
England. Mary was born in England in 1855. We do not know Mary's last name. The birth year of 1855 is based on Mary's age in the 1920 census. Sometime between 1855 and 1920, Mary immigrated to Chicago.
Cris and Mary Marry
Sometime between 1910 and 1920, Cris J. Smith married Mary. The 1920 census shows Cris and Mary married. It shows Mary born in England, and age 65, the same age as Cris. It also shows Cris as a theater musician.
Cris Widowed a Third Time
Kansas City. Sometime between 1923 and 1930, at age 78. Cris moved from Chicago to Kansas City, Missouri, to live with his son Karl. In the 1930 census and the 1930 and 1931 Kansas City directories, he was living at 3620 E. 60th Street. When he died in 1932, his residence was 18 W. 73rd Terrace.
Sometime between 1920 and 1930, Cris' third wife, Mary, died in Chicago or Kansas City.
Cris Dies in 1932 at Age 80
Cris died November 17, 1932, intestinal obstruction at St. Joseph's Hospital in Kansas City. He was 80 years old. His body was brought back to Grand Rapids and buried in Greenwood Cemetery with his second wife, Mary Hauser Smith. He was survived by his daughter Rose Viola Smith Drueke, his sons, Crescenz, Leroy, and Karl, and his sister Rosa Wilhelmina Schmitt Hauser.
The Grand Rapids Herald, November 19, 1932
Cris and Christine and Mary: 4 children, 13 grandchildren, 29 great grandchildren
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